Guido Marx was born in Carlsruhle, Germany, on June 28, 1827.Irene O'Brien, ("His Honor The Mayor of Toledo, Guido Marx," The Toledo City Journal, 4 June 1949, p.530). In Germany Marx was educated in Latin and Hebrew and in 1842, when he was fourteen years of age, he moved to Brunswick where he became an apprentice in the book trade. (Ibid). As an apprentice, Marx learned bookkeeping. In 1845 he moved to Baden where he went to work in his father's store. Some years later Marx went to Paris where he worked in the export business and also studied art. (Ibid). In 1847 he returned once again to his home in Baden where he became involved in the political agitations against the government that resulted in the failed revolutions of 1848 in Germany. Due to their revolutionary activities, Guido and his brother Emil left the country for New York City. (Ibid). Upon their arrival in October 1849, the Marx brothers headed west and settled with some German acquaintances in Wood County, Ohio.(Ibid). Once there, the two brothers, along with two of their friends, purchased forty acres of land along the canal route and erected a log cabin on it. (Ibid). In 1851, Guido and Emil sold their share of the Wood County land and moved to Toledo. (Ibid). Once in Toledo, the brothers opened a grocery store. For the next ten years the business prospered and Guido became involved in the liquor trade with Rudolf Brand. (C.S. Van Tassel, "Men Who Made Toledo: Guido Marx," Toledo Blade, 21 April 1936). During the 1850's Guido and Emil persuaded their brother Joseph, still in Germany, to emigrate to Toledo. (Ibid). Upon his arrival, the three brothers began to work on the publication of a German language newspaper, the Ohio Staats-Zeitung (The Ohio State Times), which saw its first printing on December 27, 1853.(Ibid). The paper which began as a weekly, was so successful that it was enlarged and upgraded to a daily under the title the Toledo Express in February 1857. (Ibid).
In 1869 Marx was elected to the City Council of Toledo.O'Brien, 530. He held that post until 1871 when he was elected as a representative to the State Legislature and in 1873 he was re-elected to that position.(Ibid). In addition to his duties in the State Legislature, Marx was appointed by Governor Noyes as a representative of Ohio at the Vienna Exposition of 1873. (Ibid). On April 5, 1875, Marx was elected as Toledo's twenty first Mayor. Ralph Phelps, ("Guido Marx Served in Education Field," Toledo Blade, 1 May 1959). He retained this position until 1877, declining his party's nomination to run for a second term. (O'Brien, p.530). In 1876 Marx was appointed to the Board of Judges at the Philadelphia International Exposition. (Ibid). Two years later, he became a trustee of the Toledo Sinking Fund and in 1881 he was appointed as a member of the Police Board of Toledo. (Ibid). Following his resignation from the Police Board in 1884, Marx became a member of the Board of Trustees of the Toledo University. In that capacity he was in charge of the Manual Training Department. He died on February 1, 1899.